Principles and Practices of Mechanical Integrity for Industrial Refrigeration Systems

Upcoming dates (3)

Nov. 6-8, 2024

Madison, WI

Course Overview

Key course topics include:

  • PSM and RMP regulatory requirements for mechanical integrity
  • Mechanical integrity-related failure modes for ammonia piping and vessels
  • Recognized and generally accepted good engineering practices (RAGAGEP) for mechanical integrity
  • Recommended practices for conducting mechanical integrity inspections and tests
  • Non-destructive examination (NDE) technologies

Who Should Attend?

  • PSM coordinators
  • Refrigeration system operators
  • Plant engineering staff
  • Contractors doing mechanical integrity work
  • Others interested in understanding the basic principles and practices of mechanical integrity for industrial refrigeration systems

Additional Information

This course is part of the Process Safety Management Professional Certificate. Increase your knowledge and effectiveness at managing PSM/RMP programs for your ammonia refrigerated facility, while earning a recognized credential. Course can be taken individually as well.

Attendees participating in this course will be able to earn a digital badge as evidence of the knowledge they obtained during the course. Digital badges are micro-credentials that can be earned by successfully passing a final quiz administered online after completing the course. Click here for information on digital badges.

Attend this course and receive the IRC’s Principles and Practices of Mechanical Integrity Guidebook for Industrial Refrigeration Systems. This comprehensive resource is a must-have for anyone working in the industrial refrigeration industry. Whether you are involved in designing, constructing, operating, or maintaining closed-circuit industrial ammonia refrigeration systems, this guidebook will help you manage the mechanical integrity of industrial ammonia refrigeration systems.

Course Outline

Day 1

Welcome and Introduction – Douglas T. Reindl, PhD, PE, Professor, UW–Madison

Mechanical Integrity for Refrigeration Systems – Douglas T. Reindl

  • Regulatory requirements: 1910.119 (j)
  • Current MI practices in refrigeration
  • Common gaps in mechanical integrity programs

Refrigeration System Failure Mechanics – Douglas T. Reindl

  • Corrosion, uniform and pitting
  • Corrosion under insulation (CUI), causes, and cures
  • Stress corrosion cracking (SCC), mechanisms, and prevention measures

Refrigeration Systems Review – Douglas T. Reindl

  • Vapor compression cycle and components
  • Single and multi-stage systems
  • Areas of refrigeration systems with higher mechanical integrity risks

Planning a Mechanical Integrity Inspection – James Kovarik, Vice President, NDE Technology, Lixi, Inc., Huntley, IL

  • Establishing a clear inspection scope
  • Resource requirements for conducting inspection(s)
  • "Go / no-go" criteria
  • Qualifying an inspection contractor
  • Interpreting results
  • P&IDs - requisite elements, use for guiding inspections

Introduction to Refrigeration Systems Failure Mechanics – Douglas T. Reindl

  • External corrosion on uninsulated and insulated piping and vessels
  • Erosion
  • Stress corrosion cracking
  • Weld defects
  • Physical protection


Day 2

Principles and practices for managing the MI of piping and vessels – Douglas T. Reindl

  • Guiding principles
  • Preparing an inspection plan
  • Qualifications of inspectors
  • Visual (VT) inspection process
  • VT for piping and pressure vessels
  • Classifying corrosion
  • Assessing fitness for continued operation
  • Required follow-up and deficiency management

Introduction to NDE Technology – James Kovarik

  • Visual
  • Liquid penetrant
  • Magnetic particle testing
  • Ultrasonic
  • Radiographic
  • Eddy current
  • GUL

Principles and practices for managing the MI of heat exchangers – Douglas T. Reindl

  • Modalities of failure
  • Recommended inspections and tests
  • Examples

Insulation Systems for Piping and Vessels – Douglas T. Reindl

  • Key elements that comprise an insulation system
  • Practices for proper pipe and vessel coating
  • Insulation types and selection
  • Vapor retarders
  • Jackets
  • Ongoing maintenance


Day 3

Introducing the IRC's Mechanical Integrity Guidebook – Douglas T. Reindl

  • Guidebook objectives and guiding principles
  • Guidebook organization
  • Overview of contents
  • Strategies for implementing recommendations and refining your MI program

 Principles and practices for managing the MI of machinery room safety systems – Douglas T. Reindl

  • Scope
  • Modalities of failure
  • Recommendations for inspections and tests
  • Examples

Principles and practices for managing the MI of other components – Douglas T. Reindl

  • Scope
  • Modalities of failure
  • Recommendations for inspections and tests
  • Examples


Douglas Reindl

Douglas Reindl, PhD, PE is a professor at the Department of Mechanical Engineering and a Program Director at the Office of Interdisciplinary Professional Programs at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He has extensive experience in mechanical systems – including industrial ammonia refrigeration systems. As the founding director of the Industrial Refrigeration Consortium, he works extensively to improve the safety, efficiency, reliability, and productivity of ammonia refrigeration infrastructure. Dr. Reindl received his BS in mechanical engineering technology from the Milwaukee School of Engineering, MS in mechanical engineering from UW–Madison, and PhD in mechanical engineering from UW–Madison. He is a registered professional engineer in the State of Wisconsin.

James Kovarik

James Kovarik is Vice President of NDE Technology at Lixi, Inc. Kovarik has an extensive background in both the development and utilization of non-destructive evaluation technologies in chemical plants, petrochemical facilities, and industrial refrigeration operations.

Upcoming dates (3)

Program Director

Douglas Reindl

Contact Us

Create a custom learning experience

We can deliver this course as an on-site learning experience tailored to your organization’s specific training needs.